When a medical emergency occurs during a flight, immediate access to care is limited. Cabin crew are trained to provide first aid and limited medical assistance, but are not qualified to deal with all possible situations. Therefore, it is essential that airlines have protocols in place to take the measures that should be taken in the event of a medical emergency on board. Compliance with these protocols will help ensure the best possible outcome for the situation in question.
Transitional ground training for a control pilot must include the approved methods, procedures and limitations for performing the required normal, abnormal and emergency procedures applicable to the aircraft to which the control pilot is transitioning. Fire control procedures during the flight or on the surface and smoke, with emphasis on electrical equipment and related circuit breakers found in cabin areas, must also be included. The takeoff speeds VR and V2 must be chosen, not lower than the speeds corresponding to which the aircraft received the type certification according to § 25.107 of this chapter, in which the aircraft can be successfully controlled with the critical engine inoperative (with the propeller removed or in the configuration desired by the operator, if applicable) and with all other engines operating at no more than the power selected for type certification, as established in § 25.101 of this chapter. A procedure to ensure that the pilot is informed of all defects in the instruments and equipment listed must also be included. The wet runway distances associated with runways with a grooved or porous friction course, if indicated in the Aircraft Flight Manual, can only be used for runways that are grooved or treated with a porous friction travel layer (PFC) and that the operator determines that they are designed, constructed and maintained in a manner acceptable to the Administrator.
The aircraft transports duly accredited journalists and that, before entering the area, a flight plan is presented at the corresponding FAA or ATC facility specified in NOTAM and the operation is carried out in accordance with the conditions and restrictions established by the official in charge of emergency response activities at the scene of the events. The pilot-in-command who manipulates the controls must be qualified to provide service and act as pilot-in-command throughout the flight. The flight crew must have direct access at all times before the flight to all information contained in the approved minimum equipment list, printed or by other means approved by the administrator in the management specifications of the program director. It is prohibited to register or fly any aircraft under the authority of an aviator certificate issued by the Federal Aviation Administration, within areas designated in a NOTAM for spaceflight operations, except when authorized by ATC. However, each pilot-in-command has ultimate authority and responsibility for safe operation of their aircraft, and may use a different flap configuration for that aircraft if they determine it is necessary for safety reasons.
Provisions must also be made for adding a flight attendant to minimum flight crew member for each flight crew member who exceeds minimum number required in aircraft type certificate data sheet and who is assigned to aircraft as provided in § 91.1061; and landing minimums of MDA or Decision Altitude and Visibility prescribed in part 97 of this chapter or program director's management specifications increase by 100 feet and 1.2 miles respectively. Anyone who performs pilot training operations at an airport within a class B airspace area must comply with procedures established by ATC for such operations in that area. For part 91 training providers, training programs will be approved for 24 months unless they are replaced or terminated first. In conclusion, it is essential that pilots receive proper instruction on emergency procedures during their training program so they can respond appropriately if an emergency arises during their flight. This includes learning about fire control procedures during flight or on surface and smoke, takeoff speeds VR and V2, wet runway distances associated with runways with grooved or porous friction course, provisions for adding a flight attendant to minimum flight crew member, landing minimums of MDA or Decision Altitude and Visibility prescribed in part 97 of this chapter or program director's management specifications increase by 100 feet and 1.2 miles respectively, as well as procedures established by ATC for pilot training operations at an airport within a class B airspace area.